Landscape of Orchid Island (Lanyu) Located in the Pacific Ocean afar, "Orchid Island(Lanyu)" is the home of flying fish, with unique traditional Tao culture and abundant natural landscape. Stepping on the land of Orchid Island(Lanyu), travelers are experiencing a trip of life and nature, learning how to get along with nature from visiting the mountain and ocean.
Landscape of Orchid Island (Lanyu) Orchid Island(Lanyu) has a round-the-island road and Jhongheng Road, both connecting tribes on the island, such as Yeyou, Langdao, Dongqing, Yeying, Hongtou and Yuren. They also connect all scenic spots on the island and are travelers' route for visit. Along the round-the-island road in the clockwise direction, there are Dragon Head Rock, Twin Lions Rock, Orchid Island Lighthouse, Dongqing Bay's coast, Yeying's traditional semi-cave houses. They are all worth visiting.
The traditional Tao culture on the island is the most fascinating part of Orchid Island(Lanyu). The flying fish season from February to June each year is the most important fishing and hunting activity for the Tao people. During this period of time, it is forbidden to capture demersal fish. This lifestyle is the Tao people's sustainable use of resources. In addition, the millet harvest festival, new boat launch ceremony and new house completion are all their cultural characteristics. Travelers can arrange a tour of exploring Tao culture according to different seasons.
Lanyu,formerly named Hongtouyu (Red Head Island),is an isolated small island in the Pacific. One of the earliest records of Lanyu was written by Torii Ryuzo (1870～1953),a Japanese ethnologist,anthropologist and folklorist who explored the island in 1897. He called this island "Yami" in his report,and thus the indigenous people on this island were called the Yami Tribe accordingly.
In 1947,the island was officially renamed Lanyu (Orchid Island) for its rich orchid produces. In 1967,the travel restrictions to mountain areas were lifted and Lanyu was open to the public. The locals named the island Ponso no Tau,meaning "island of the people",and called themselves the Taos,who are Taiwan's only marine tribe. Their isolated lifestyle helped preserve the tribal traditions and cultures. Tatala (plank boat),semi-basement housing and traditional ceremonies are the tribe's unique features as well as the nation's treasure. The island's ecological environment is also well preserved.
Protected species,such as Scope Owls and Birdwing Butterflies,are found here. Visitors should demonstrate proper etiquette and respects to the culture,and only photograph the residents or semibasement houses when permitted.